Low income families in the town of Lasanod in Somaliland’s Sool region are unable to afford basic goods as prices have shot up due to high dollar exchange rates.
The inflation has led to shops and businesses refusing to accept the Somali shilling, compounding the problem for poor families who do not use the dollar-based mobile money system.
The hardest hit are daily wage earners like Mahamud Adan Ali, a father of eight, who earns 100-150,000 Somali shillings a day as a porter loading and unloading cargo trucks. His small income used to be just enough to cover the needs of his family, but not any longer.
“We would normally buy food and pay the rent with the money I earn, but today it is worthless. I owe rent arrears and the stores are not accepting the shilling. This is really causing us problems,” he said.
A kilo of rice now costs 35,000 Somali shillings, almost double the 18,000 price one month ago.
Mahamud has been reduced to getting food for the family on credit from a local store. But he cannot manage the $70 rent and $16 monthly school fees for his children.
The dollar that exchanged for 30,000 Somali shillings a month ago exchanges for 45,000 shillings today.
Small business owners selling meat, milk, fruit and vegetables in local markets are affected.
Fadumo Abdirahman, a single mother selling meat, has not made any sales since her suppliers refused to accept Somali shilling. She used to earn an equivalent of $5-10 a day to cater for the needs of her four children.
“My suppliers won’t accept the Somali shilling and my customers only have the shilling. This business is all I have to raise my children,” Fadumo told Radio Ergo.
She has already accumulated $250 in loans and is worried that she could be evicted from her home for failing to pay the rent.
Abdikarim Mahamud Ismail, a forex trader in Lasanod, said the inflation is caused by the scarcity of dollars and oversupply of shillings in the marketplace.
Big businessmen have been hoarding the rising dollar, and refusing to accept the shilling.
“The khat traders are the main culprits,” Abdikarim stated.
“They are prepared to pay up to 60,000 shillings for a dollar. The khat trade was not big in Lasanod before, but since the supplies from Kenya were stopped, it has been coming in large quantities from Ethiopia. This is compounded by increased amounts of shillings coming from Garowe.”